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    Complete Guide for Owning a Guinea Pig

    Complete guide for owning a Guinea pig - Lomi Pet

    Guinea pigs have been accepted by many families in recent years. Are you ready to own a guinea pig? Please read this article before making decision.

     

    Habit

    Guinea pigs have good hearing. But they are timid and easily frightened, so they should be put in a quiet place, the noise should be below 50 decibels, and the optimum temperature should be 20 to 24°C. The range of control requirements is 1826.

    When the temperature exceeds 30°C, the guinea pig will lose weight and increase the mortality rate. When the temperature is lower than 15°C, the reproduction rate will decrease, and the incidence of disease increases. The humidity should be kept between 40% and 60%.

     

    Food and Diet

    The main grasses that the guinea pig eats are Timothy, ryegrass and so on. Young guinea pigs can eat alfalfa mixed with Timothy grass, and adult guinea pigs can eat more Timothy and a little less alfalfa to avoid hypercalcinuria.

    Pet parents should pay attention to ensuring the quality of grass, and should prepare enough drinking water during the feeding process to meet the water demand of guinea pigs. In addition, some foods can also be provided to your guinea pigs, such as peanuts, sunflower seeds, chestnuts, apples, pears, etc., to balance the intake of nutrients, so that the nutrient supply of the food can meet the growth needs of the guinea pigs. Moreover, guinea pigs cannot synthesize vitamin C by themselves, and they cannot get enough vitamin C from fruits and vegetables. They mainly rely on specialized feed (granules) supplemented with vitamin C. Don’t forget prepare Vitamin C for them!  

    Don’t feed Banana! It might kill your pet. Bananas have a lot of potassium ions, which may cause your pet to suffer from bladder stones. In addition, onions will destroy the red blood cells of your cutie. Other vegetables that should be avoided are-spinach, leeks, potatoes, cabbage, broccoli, and lettuce. These foods can cause diarrhea, bloating, and poisoning in guinea pigs. The theobromine in chocolate may poison guinea pigs. The following table presents the food or fruit your pet should eat and shouldn’t eat.

    Should

    Shouldn’t

    Timothy

    Banana

    Oat Grass

    Spinach

    Ryegrass

    Leeks

    Melons

    Potatoes

    Oranges

    Cabbage

    Apple

    Broccoli

    Celery

    Lettuce

    Vitamin C

    Chocolate

    Carrot

    Garlic

     

    Mushroom

    Monitor the amount of food and treats you feed your animal. It’s easy for smaller pets to gain weight quickly and become obese, which can lead to health problems later on. Make sure to provide them with fresh water every day!

     

    Equipment

    1. Prepare a spacious and comfortable cage. The cage shouldn’t be made of wood, it should be made of durable metal.
    1. Food bowl: Avoid choosing plastic or other materials. Guinea pigs like chewing. We suggest to choose ceramic or stainless steel bowl.
    1. Water bottle: In order to keep the cage dry, it is recommended to use a licking water bottle. 
    1. Enough warm bedding. Bedding should be safe to eat. Like natural straw mat. Don’t use softwood products, e.g. pine - these can cause illness.
    1. Untreated wooden toys to chew, e.g. fruit tree/willow sticks. Avoid plastic toys as they may harm them if chewed/swallowed. They’re intelligent and enjoy gnawing/chewing/exploring by moving to different areas through tunnels.

      If you want to choose a warm bedding and 100% handmade wooden toys, please click here

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